CLL affects lymphoid cells and is usually slow-growing. It is most often diagnosed in adults aged 55 or older. Children are rarely affected.
AML affects myeloid cells and can get worse quickly if not treated. It is the most common type of acute leukemia. While it does occur in children, it occurs most often in adults.
CML affects myeloid cells and usually grows slowly at first. It usually occurs during or after middle age, and rarely occurs in children.
ALL affects lymphoid cells and grows quickly. ALL is the most common type of leukemia in young children, however, it also affects adults.
For most cancers, the stage depends on the size, location, and extent of the tumor. Leukemia, however, is different because it is a blood cancer. Rather than produce the typical tumor that can be measured and biopsied, leukemia produces cancerous cells in the blood and bone marrow. This means that leukemia staging is rather different from other types of cancer-producing solid tumors.
Factors affecting leukemia staging and prognosis include:
In addition to this, the type of leukemia affects how it’s staged. There are four common types of leukemia, each with its own staging characteristics and classification systems.
Before making a decision on treatment, your CMOH oncologist will take certain factors into consideration including:
It also may depend on certain features of the leukemia cells. Your CMOH oncologist also considers your symptoms and general health.
Depending on what type of leukemia you have, you may or may not need treatment right away. Acute (fast-growing) leukemia needs to be treated right away, while treatment for chronic leukemia (slow-growing) can sometimes wait.
Before beginning any treatment, take time to talk with your oncologist about the expected results and any side effects that you might experience.
Request a consultation with our hematology/oncology specialists in the Greater Philadelphia area at one of our convenient locations. Consultants in Medical Oncology and Hematology is committed to providing our patients with the most advanced treatments for all types of cancers of the blood, including leukemia. Please find the CMOH location that is most convenient for you and call to request an appointment.