One common tool used to describe the stage of cancer is the TNM system:
The results are combined to determine the stage of cancer for each person.
There are 5 stages: stage 0 (zero) and stages I through IV (1 through 4). The stage provides a common way of describing the cancer, so doctors can work together to plan the best treatments.
If the cancer is found in a polyp (a small bulging area of tissue), the operation is called a polypectomy. The procedure usually involves passing a wire loop through the colonoscope to cut the polyp from the wall of the rectum with an electric current.
This procedure involves using tools through the colonoscope to remove small cancers on the inside lining of the colon or rectum along with a small amount of surrounding healthy tissue. This technique allows the surgeon to remove the cancer without cutting through the abdominal wall.
A surgical opening, or stoma, through which the colon is connected to the abdominal surface. It provides a new path for waste material to leave the body. The waste is collected in a flat bag that fits over the stoma. Colostomy is often used for patients with rectal cancer or who’ve had a section of their colon removed.
The ileum is located at the lowest point of the small intestine. If you have an ileostomy, the stoma is attached to the end of the small intestine. An ileostomy is commonly used when a person’s ileum isn’t working properly or, in the case of colorectal cancer, when the disease has spread to the ileum.
The specialists at Consultants in Medical Oncology and Hematology work with you to ensure you have the most effective treatment plan. We have convenient locations serving the Broomall, Glen Mills, and Exton, Pennsylvania areas. We also offer second opinions on diagnosis and treatment plans for colon and rectal cancers. Take the time to evaluate your options and choose the cancer care team that meets all your needs.